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Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns


Its goal, until 2030, is to ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. Sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less”, promoting  resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. It requires a systemic approach and cooperation among actors operating in the supply chain, from producer to final consumer. The efficient management of our shared natural resources, and the way we dispose of waste are important targets to achieve this goal. Encouraging industries, businesses and consumers to recycle and reduce waste is equally important, as hazardous is supporting developing countries to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption by 2030.



12.1- Implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

12.2- By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

12.3- By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses

12.4- By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment

12.5- By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

12.6- Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

12.7- Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities

12.8- By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

12.a- Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

12.b- Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products

12.c- Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities